Knowledge



Knowledge There are several Greek words translated 'to know,' the principal of which are 1. , signifying 'inward conscious knowledge' in the mind; and 2. , signifying 'objective knowledge.' The latter passes into consciousness, but not vice versa. There are several passages in the N.T. in which both words occur, a study will show that the words are not used promiscuously, and need to be carefully considered . Matt. 24: 43. Know [2] this, that if the Goodman of the house had known [1] in what watch the thief would come, etc. The same distinction occurs in Luke 12: 39. Mark 4: 13. Know [1] ye not this Parable? and how then will ye know [2] all parables? John 7: 27. We know [1] this man whence he is; but when Christ cometh, no man knoweth [2] whence he is. John 8: 55. Ye have not known [2] him; but I know [1] him; and if I should say, I know [1] him not, I shall be a liar like unto you: but I know [1] him, and keep his saying. John 13: 7. What I do thou knowest [1] not now; but thou shalt know [2] hereafter. John 21: 17. Lord, thou knowest [1] all things; thou knowest [2] that I love thee. Rom. 7: 7. I had not known [2] sin, but by the law: for I had not known [1] lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. 1 Cor. 8: 1, 2. We know [1] that we all have knowledge [2]. Knowledge [2] puffeth up, but Charity edifieth. And if any man think that he knoweth [1] (Editors alter this into [2] ) anything, he knoweth [2] nothing yet as he ought to know. [2] 2 Cor. 5: 16. Henceforth know [1] we no man after the flesh: yea, though we have known [2] Christ after the flesh, yet now henceforth know [2] we him no more. Heb. 8: 11. They shall not teach . . . . saying, Know [2] the Lord: for all shall know [1] me, from the least to the greatest. 1 John 2: 29. If ye know [1] that he is righteous, ye know [2] that every one that doeth Righteousness is born of him. 1 John 5: 20. We know [1] that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know [2] him that is true. Both these words are employed for the Lord's own knowledge. In Matt. 12: 15, Jesus knew [2] (that they were plotting to destroy him) having heard it. And in Matt. 12: 25 Jesus knew [1] their thoughts -- had the conscious knowledge of it. Respecting our knowledge of the person of Christ, in Luke 10: 22, no one knows [2] who the Son is except the Father; but in Matt. 11: 27, which is a parallel Passage, neither of the above words are used, but , which implies a certain objective knowledge, not a mere acquaintance with a person. The knowledge that is partial, and that shall vanish away, is the objective knowledge, 1 Cor. 13: 8, 9; not the inward conscious knowledge. In 1 Cor. 13: 12 it is real knowledge in the future, . The words (both Nos. 1 and 2) often occur separately in John's Gospel and Epistles, and their use may be profitably studied in a Greek Testament or Concordance.